As a part of the manuscript submission you will need to accept the following Publishing Agreement.
The Author hereby assigns to the Finnish Society of Forest Science (hereafter “Publisher”) right to publish this Contribution in the e-series Dissertationes Forestales. All dissertation summaries published in the Series shall be publicly available on the Internet according to the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence.
The Author retains the copyright of their Contribution. The Publisher has the right to publish the Contribution and keep it available for the public in any current or future publishing format. Publisher may also transfer publishing rights and/or maintenance of the Dissertationes Forestales website to others who respect the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence.
If the Author deposits the Contribution in a personal, institutional, scientific, or professional repository, they shall use the final Publisher’s version of the Contribution (Version of Record, VoR). Link to the original publication shall be provided using its DOI number.
The Author may grant wider reuse rights of the Contribution than those provided by the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence.
In the event of receiving any request to republish all or part of the Contribution in a way not compatible with the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence, the Publisher shall endeavour to obtain the approval of the Author prior to giving any such permission.
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions that do not adhere to these guidelines may be returned to authors.
You will need to submit the following supplementary files together with your dissertation text. Each documents must be on a separate file.
Dissertationes Forestales is a joint publication of the Finnish Society of Forest Science, the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry at the University of Helsinki, and the School of Forest Sciences at the University of Eastern Finland. Dissertationes Forestales publishes doctoral theses in forest sciences. The objective of the series is to collect all Finnish doctoral dissertations in forestry and related disciplines in one series. Most papers published in Dissertationes Forestales are extended summaries of doctoral theses composed of several original articles published in peer-reviewed journals.
The dissertations are published after official pre-examination by experts nominated by the university where the dissertation is defended. Dissertationes Forestales does not have a peer-review process of its own. The dissertations are published in the form they will be publicly defended.
Dissertationes Forestales is published in printed form and in electronic form on the Web. The printed version comprises extended summaries and original articles, while the electronic version in PDF only contains the extended summary.
The author prepares the manuscript according to the instructions for the layout of the publication and has the dissertation printed. It is your duty as the author to have as many printed copies made as your university requests for the public defence. In addition, four printed copies must be sent to the Finnish Society of Forest Science.
Electronic version is published on the series’s website (www.dissertationesforestales.fi) by the Editorial Office after the author uploads it to the series’s data base (see “Submission of manuscript” at the end of these instructions). The electronic version is published with the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence. The links to original papers lead to the web sites of their publishers. Access to the original papers depends on the policies of the publisher.
Dissertationes Forestales has an Editorial Board which consists of members from the publishing organisations. The Editorial Office of Dissertationes Forestales is located at the Finnish Society of Forest Science. The publishing universities have named technical advisers who help in preparation of the manuscripts. Names and contact information of the advisers are available at www.dissertationesforestales.fi/page/contact.
As a part of your online submission, you will be requested to submit the description form (kuvailulomake) of your work as a supplementary file. Further, you must consult the examples of the second page of the dissertation document and exactly adhrere to them. The second page is slightly different in the online and print versions. You may also need to submit a commitment to pay (maksusitoumus) the uploading fee (verkkoonvientimaksu) signed by a competent officer of your university. The links to the documents are here:
Description form (kuvailulomake)
Second page, online document: pdf model and editable Word file
Second page, print document: pdf model and editable Word file
Financial commitment (maksusitoumus), if needed
Financial commitment is not needed if you defend your dissertation either at the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry of the University of Helsinki or at the School of Forest Sciences of the University of Eastern Finland or you work at the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).
If you defend your thesis in one of the publishing faculties, i.e. the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry of the University of Helsinki or the School of Forest Sciences of the University of Eastern Finland, you are eligible to publish in Dissertationes Forestales.
If you defend your thesis in another university or faculty, the Editorial Board decides whether your thesis is publishable in Dissertationes Forestales based on your application. Send your application to the secretary of the Editorial Board by e-mail (for contact information, see www.dissertationesforestales.fi/page/editors). The application must include the following:
In addition, your home department is requested to send a written commitment to cover the expenses of electronic publishing (download the form from www.dissertationesforestales.fi) unless you work with the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke). In 2022, the electronic publishing fee is 300 €. The publishing faculties and Luke have already in the agreement committed to covering the expenses for their PhD students.
If you are planning to submit your thesis to Dissertationes Forestales, it is recommended that you follow these author instructions already when preparing the manuscript for pre-examination. Please do not hesitate to contact your institution’s technical advisor or the Editorial Office when starting to prepare the manuscript. However, the permission to publish in Dissertationes Forestales can only be given after your university grants the permit for public defence of the dissertation (Väittelylupa). When the permit for public defence has been granted submit a copy of it to the Editorial Office.
In addition, if you defend your thesis in another university or faculty than the publishing faculties or you do not work with the Natural Resources Institute Finland, you must provide the signed commitment (Maksusitoumus) from your home department to cover the expenses of electronic publishing (download the form from here).
E-mail an electronic copy of the permit for public defence, title of the final dissertation document, and your full contact information to the Editorial Office. Mail the filled Financial commitment form when required (paper copy with original signature) to the Editorial Office:
Suomen Metsätieteellinen Seura ry
E-mail: info (at) metsatiede.org
After receiving these documents, the Editorial Office will give the publication number, ISBN numbers, and DOI number to the author and the author can then finish the manuscript.
Note that you will be requested to submit the final version of your dissertation through the manuscript management system of Dissertationes Forestales. Check also “Submission of the manuscript” at the end of these instructions. As a part of the submission process, you will be requested to accept the publication of your dissertation with the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence. Check the Copyright notice of Dissertationes Forestales before submission. You are responsible to verify that all material in your dissertation may be published using the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence. This is especially important if your dissertation contains photographs not taken by you yourself or if you use copyrighted maps.
You must prepare two versions of the manuscript, one for printing and one for electronic publication. The printed version comprises the extended summary and the original articles, while the electronic version only contains the extended summary. Follow carefully the instructions given below for both versions of the manuscript (see “Printed version”, “Electronic version”, and “Technical instructions for compiling the manuscript”).
The printed version differs from the electronic version only in three aspects; cover, Page 2 of the extended summary and original articles.
The cover designed for the series must be used. Technical advisors and the Editorial Office have the cover in electronic format. The technical advisors will help in editing the cover. The cover has predefined layers for series title, dissertation title and author name. Predefined fonts and placements must be used.
You may replace the predefined cover image with your image of the same size (width 115mm x height 88mm). The image must fulfil the requirements for line drawings or photographs given below (i.e. resolution 600 or 300 dpi, respectively). Consult the printing house for instructions on converting the cover to the preferred file format.
Page 2 of the extended summary has different content in the printed version and in electronic version. Follow carefully the example when you prepare Page 2 for the printed version.
Original articles are included in the printed version only. You are responsible for getting the necessary permissions from the publishers of the original articles if these are not granted in the copyright agreement between the author and publisher of the original article. Preferred format for original articles is a PDF file. Request a PDF file from the publisher if you do not have it. Page sizes in journals vary. Consult the printing house on converting the various page sizes to B5; generally, the printing house wants to do this. If you have a printed copy only, consult the printing house for instructions.
The electronic version of the extended summary is similar to that of the printed version except for Page 2. Follow carefully the example when you prepare the Page 2 for the electronic version.
The Editorial Office checks that the overall layout of the manuscript follows the instructions, and that the publication numbers are correct. You may not submit the manuscript for printing before getting an approval from the Editorial Office. For checking, e-mail the following files to the Editorial Office:
A manuscript that does not fully comply with the instructions will be returned for corrections. Note that the reference list must include DOI numbers for all publications, which have DOI (see “List of references”). After getting an approval for these files, you may submit the manuscripts for printing and for electronic publication.
You are responsible for having the dissertation printed. You must make as many print versions as your university requests for the public defence. In addition, four print copies must be given to the Finnish Society of Forest Science. The Society will distribute these copies to the archives of each publisher. Consult the printing house for instructions on converting the manuscript to file format preferred by the printing house.
Submit the completed manuscript for electronic publication in a PDF file using the Editorial Manager page of Dissertationes Forestales. Follow the instructions given by the system. In addition, submit the filled Publication Description form (Kuvailulomake, download here) as a supplementary file. See the instructions below for filling in the form.
Use the preset format (Tahoma 10 pts font, line spacing single) and follow the examples in the form when filling in the publication description form.
Provide up to six keywords or short descriptive expressions (no sentences) in Finnish and in English that do not appear in the title or its translation.
An abstract is a concise, independent résumé of the paper. Its purpose is to assist the reader in deciding whether it is worth reading the entire paper, to provide information for a reader who is not an expert on the topic involved, and to assist the communication of information. References to literature, tables, or figures are not allowed. The length of the abstract is not more than 300 words. If you do not know Finnish, you are yourself responsible for finding a translator.
If the dissertation is composed of several original articles, the bibliographic information of the published articles must be provided. Follow the instructions given for the list of references of the extended summary. The bibliographic information should include the DOI number of an electronic publication. If no DOI number is available, give as exact permanent link as possible. In the case of manuscripts that have been accepted or are in press at the time of your submission to Dissertationes Forestales, give the DOI if the publisher has already assigned it; otherwise, give just the web address of the journal. Start the DOI number or web address from a new line. Please note that manuscripts not yet accepted for publication have no bibliographic information. Thus, the word “Manuscript” suffices to describe their status. Separate each reference by a blank line. Do not use Roman numbers for the references.
Note: If the thesis includes article(s) that are not yet published, the author is obliged to inform the Editorial Office after the publication about the link to the article (DOI if available) and about possible change(s) in the title(s).
The title page includes the following information:
This page includes the following information, see the examples for electronic and printed version. Write everything in Times New Roman 10 pts, titles in Italics, names as normal text.
To the bottom of the page, add the following in Times New Roman 10 pts:
Name of the printing house, town, year (only in print version)
Finnish Society of Forest Science
Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry at the University of Helsinki
School of Forest Sciences at the University of Eastern Finland
Finnish Society of Forest Science
Viikinkaari 6, 00790 Helsinki
Compose the English abstract according to the instructions given above for the English abstract in word processor format. Type everything using Times New Roman 10 pts font, line spacing exactly 12 points.
An abstract is a concise, independent résumé of the paper. Its purpose is to assist the reader in deciding whether it is worth reading the entire paper, to provide information for a reader who is not an expert on the topic involved, and to assist the communication of information. Neither references to literature nor tables nor figures are allowed.
The abstract heading consists of the full bibliographic reference to the electronic version of your main document, in the language of your dissertation (i.e., in Finnish if the extended summary of your dissertation is in Finnish). If the language of your extended summary is other than English, there must be a blank line after the abstract heading, and thereafter the English translation of the title of your dissertation preceded by the word ”Abstract:”.
The abstract text must be separated from the abstract heading or translation by a blank line. The length of the abstract is not more than 300 words. The abstract text should be followed by up to six keywords or short descriptive expressions (no sentences) in English that do not appear in the title or its translation. Separate the keywords from abstract text by a blank line.
You may also write an abstract in another language that is relevant for the thesis e.g., in Finnish. If that language uses letters other than Latin, you are responsible for their correct conversion to PDF. Please, note that the website of Dissertationes Forestales will display always the abstract in English and Finnish, but only English abstract is obligatory in the complete PDF text file.
Abstract in the language of the publication is requested when the language of the extended summary is other than English. If the language of the extended summary is English, only English abstract is required. The abstract heading consists of the full bibliographic reference to the electronic version of your main document in the language of your dissertation. Give the keywords in the language of your dissertation. Otherwise, follow the abstract instructions above.
If you wish, you may write a preface, which is a personal introduction to the dissertation topic. The preface should include acknowledgements to those people who have significantly helped you in the work. If no preface is written, this section will include only acknowledgements and it should be titled accordingly.
Follow the instructions given for the list of references for the list of original articles. Give also the DOI number of electronic publication. If no DOI is available, give as exact a link as possible. However, for manuscripts that have been accepted or are in press at the time of your submission to Dissertationes Forestales, give just the web address of the journal. Please note that manuscripts not yet accepted for publication have no bibliographic information. Thus, the word "Manuscript" suffices to describe their status.
Number the articles using Roman numerals (I, II, III, etc). You can refer to the original articles in the main text using these Roman numerals instead of full reference.
If requested by your university, this list may be followed by a statement on your contribution to multi-author articles.
Compose the table of contents using heading styles specified for main text (see below). Do not indent heading 1. Indent heading 2 by 5 mm and heading 3 by 10 mm. Lower headings, if used, are not given in the table of contents.
If a list of symbols or abbreviations frequently mentioned in the text is used, place it after the Table of contents. When both lists are included, place the list of symbols first.
The rest of this document deals with making up the pages of the main text. In the print version, the text body must always start from odd page on the right; leave a blank page between Table of contents and text body if necessary.
Make a “book-like” layout. This means, for example, that you should avoid leaving big empty spaces at the bottom of a page. Move text paragraphs to fill this kind of spaces if they are caused by placing figures or tables at the top of the next page. There should be at least two rows of text after the titles before a page break. Place figures and tables always at the top or bottom of a page, never within the text. In general, use a printed scientific book as an example. Use alignment and indentation exactly as advised in the following instructions.
Paper size: B5 (176 × 250 mm). Older versions of MSWord have variable “B5 sizes” and Word 2010 has only a wrong size for “B5”. Word 2016 has the correct size as “ISO B5”. If your Word version does not give this alternative, you must set the correct paper width (176 mm) and height (250 mm) manually. Be sure to always check that correct paper width and height are displayed before you start writing. Margins:
Use metric settings only!
This page setup leaves a contents area of 130 × 205 mm. This will be the maximum size of figures and tables (see below for further instructions on figures and tables). Write in one column only.
Always use Times New Roman (or Times) 10 pts font unless specified otherwise in these instructions.
HEADING 1: Times New Roman, UPPER CASE BOLD, 12 pts., line spacing exactly 14 pts; two 12 pts blank lines before, two blank lines after, left-aligned
Heading 2: Times New Roman, lower case bold, 10 pts., two blank lines before and one blank line after, capitalise only the first word, left-aligned; if heading 2 is placed immediately after heading 1, do not multiply blank lines (i.e. two blank lines between headings).
Heading 3: Times New Roman, lower case italics, 10 pts., blank line before and after, capitalise only the first word, left-aligned; if heading 3 is placed immediately after heading 2, do not multiply blank lines (i.e. one blank line between headings).
Lower level headings are not recommended, and should never be used in texts shorter than 30 pages. They may be used if absolutely necessary for clarity in longer texts; in that case, use Times New Roman, regular, 10 pts., blank line before and after. Only headings 1 and 2 are recommended in texts shorter than 20 pages. Do not number the headings unless your text has a strict hierarchical structure.
For references in the text, use the name-year system:
Secondary references should be avoided and you must make a reasonable effort to find the original work. In the case of very old or difficult-to-find references, you may use a secondary reference by citing also the work where the secondary reference is cited: (Virtanen and Saastamoinen 1936 as cited by Kähkölä et al. 2012). Include both references into the reference list.
An appropriate attribution for traditional knowledge must be given when applicable. This may include citation of indigenous or other traditional sources (such as people or community groups) or other unwritten communal sources of knowledge by name within the text. Personal communications and similar sources of information must be avoided.
Dissertationes Forestales uses DOI numbering for identifying articles. This provides a unique permanent electronic address for your work and ensures that it may be found in the future even if the current website of Dissertationes Forestales is tranferred to another server. Use of a DOI for each issue of DF sets the requirement that the DOI must be added to all items in the reference list. The Editorial Office will help you to add DOIs for all journal articles. However, if you cite another type of publication with DOI (e.g., an online book) you must add the DOI yourself.
For getting the DOIs for journal articles, you must send the complete reference list to the Editorial Office. The reference list must be formatted exactly according to the instruction given below and an empty line must be used for separating the references. Editorial staff will make the online search for DOIs and will return you the reference list with DOI for each item that has one. You add then the updated reference list to your manuscript. Note that this procedure may take a couple of days.
Refer only to published, available material. Avoid references to second-hand sources. If you cannot avoid a secondary reference, include both the original work and the work, in which the original work is cited, into the list of references. If indigenous or other traditional sources (such as people or community groups) or other unwritten communal sources of knowledge are cited, a detailed description of these sources must be given as a separate statement before the bibliographic references.
For the order, structure and form of the references, consult the examples below. In addition, note the following:
Kähkölä A-K, Nygren P, Leblanc HA, Pennanen T, Pietikäinen J (2012) Leaf and root litter of a legume tree as nitrogen sources for cacaos with different root colonisation by arbuscular mycorrhizae. Nutr Cycl Agroecosys 92: 51–65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-011-9471-z.
Siipilehto J, Allen M, Nilsson U, Brunner A, Huuskonen S, Haikarainen S, Subramanian N, Antón-Fernández C, Holmström E, Andreassen K, Hynynen J (2020) Stand-level mortality models for Nordic boreal forests. Silva Fenn 54, article id 10414. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.10414.
Jalonen R, Sierra J (2012) Temporal variation of N isotopic composition of decomposing legume roots and its implications to N cycling estimates in 15N tracer studies in agroforestry systems. Appl Environ Soil Sci, article id 506302. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/506302.
Joshi L, Shrestha PK, Moss C, Sinclair FL (2004) Locally derived knowledge of soil fertility and its emerging role in integrated natural resource management. In: van Noordwijk M, Cadish G, Ong CK (eds) Below-ground interactions in tropical agroecosystems. Concepts and models with multiple plant components. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, pp 17–39
Thomson LAJ, Gâteblé G (2020) Casuarinaceae genetic resources in the Pacific Islands: enhancing their contributions to the green economy. In: Haruthaithanasan M, Pinyopusarerk K, Nicodemus A, Bush D, Thomson L (eds) Casuarinas for Green Economy and Environmental Sustainability. Proceedings of the Sixth International Casuarina Workshop Krabi, Thailand, 21-25 October 2019. Kasetsart University, Bangkok, pp 31‑40. https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/publications/proceedings-archive/20802-t30-bangkok19.pdf. Accessed 30 November 2020
Smith SE, Read D (2008) Mycorrhizal symbiosis 3rd edition. Academic Press, London
Saarinen M, Valkonen S, Sarkkola S, Nieminen M, Penttilä T, Laiho R (2020) Jatkuvapeitteisen metsänkasvatuksen mahdollisuudet ojitetuilla turvemailla. [Opportunities for continuous cover forest management in drained peatlands]. Metsätieteen aikakauskirja, article id 10372. https://doi.org/10.14214/ma.10372.
Volkov AD (2003) The bioecological basis of exploitation of spruce forests in the north-west of taiga zone of Russia. Karelian Science Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk. [in Russian].
Salazar Zarzosa P, Diaz Herraiz A, Olmo M, Ruiz-Benito P, Barrón V, Bastias CC, de la Riva EG, Villar R. Linking functional traits with tree growth and forest productivity in Quercus ilex forests along a climatic gradient. BioRxiv 2020.12.12.422386. [Preprint]. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.12.12.422386. Accessed 16 December 2020.
Valdés Correcher E (2021) Dataset used in the paper ‘Search for top-down and bottom-up drivers of latitudinal trends in insect herbivory in oak trees in Europe’. Dryad [Dataset] https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.18931zcw0. Accessed 11 November 2020
Missouri Botanical Garden (2020) https://www.tropicos.org. Accessed 25 November 2020
Gill F, Donsker D, Rasmussen P (eds) (2020) IOC World Bird List (v10.2). https://doi.org/10.14344/IOC.ML.10.2. Accessed 25 November 2020
Data set citation styles may vary. As a general rule, the data set citation must include information according to the instructions of DataCite (https://datacite.org/cite-your-data.html) adjusted according to the above examples.
Use an authoritative contemporary source for scientific names. Dissertationes Forestales requires that the following databases be used for taxonomic nomenclature:
No other sources are accepted. You must revise your taxonomy according to these sources. Name the database used for taxonomy in the Materials and Methods section. We acknowledge that no database is complete, especially in the case of tropical taxa. In the case that you cannot find your taxon in these databases using their synonym lists, give an exact reference to the source of the name used. In the case of groups with still evolving taxonomy, like insects or most microbes, use a source that best fits to your study area. Use consistently only one taxonomic database for a manuscript. Give an exact reference to your taxonomy source, preferably a stable identifier like DOI or URN in the list of references. These databases are updated constantly. Thus, it is important to indicate also the date of access to the database.
Scientific names should be in italics. Author of a scientific name must be given when a taxon is mentioned for the first time in the abstract and in the text body but not in the manuscript title, highlights, or keywords. After the first mention, the author is not used. If you use the common name of a taxon in the manuscript, you must give the full scientific name with author when mentioning the taxon for the first time in the abstract and the text body. Thereafter, the common name may be used.
You must provide the soil classification if soils may affect the research results and always when you report field research on ecology, physiology, silviculture, etc. Use always the World Reference Base for describing soils:
No local classification is accepted. If you consider the local soil classification to be essential for communicating your research, give also the World Reference Base equivalent. The database is updated constantly. Thus, it is important to indicate the date of access. In addition to the soil taxonomy, you should provide fertility data at plot level if available.
You must present basic meteorological data with a reference to the data source when weather conditions may affect the research results and always when you report field research on ecology, physiology, silviculture, etc. Refer to the meteorological data of a reliable weather station close to your study area when available. Give exact coordinates of the station you use, and a stable Internet address where the data can accessed. Give the following minimum information of the site: average temperature of the coldest and warmest month (name the months), annual rainfall, distribution of rainfall e.g., rainy and dry months, proportion of rainfall that falls as snow, if applicable and, if available, temperature sum of the growing season and annual evapotranspiration.
Biological materials must be identified as exactly as possible. In field research, the studied taxa must be identified using nomenclature as described above. In nursery, laboratory and other controlled experiments, provide enough information to uniquely identify biological materials. This calls for reporting e.g., unique accession number in a repository, or seed source, lot number, provenance and date of collection. If original genomic data are collected in the study, Dissertationes Forestales recommends to deposit them to one of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration repositories. You must refer to the deposited materials in the manuscript with their accession number.
Contrary to the common belief, many laboratory methods are not exactly standard but may be slightly modified by the laboratory where the work is done. Although these lab-wise modified techniques tend to give very closely matching results, sometimes the minor modifications may make the reproduction of the results impossible or may explain unexpected differences with published research. Thus, give always an easily available reference to all laboratory analyses included in your study and a detailed description of all possible modifications done in your laboratory.
Use only SI quantities and units. If your original data were collected using non-SI units, you must write this out in the Materials and methods section and report the conversion factors or equations used. Thereafter, use the SI unit in the whole manuscript. Use always the exponential notation for units (e.g. µmol m‑2 s‑1) instead of dash. Use non-breaking spaces and hyphens within a unit.
Use euros (preferred) or US dollars for all monetary values throughout the manuscript. If the original currency is other than US dollar, it must be converted to euros. Use the conversion factor for the time of the data collection if possible. Always provide the date – at least month and year – for the conversion factor used.
Equations should be written displayed i.e., not set in the text lines, with a blank line (or equivalent space) before and after. Some older versions of Microsoft Equation Editor require that you set the line spacing single; it may be difficult to calculate the exact line spacing for equations. Indent the equation line by 5 mm. Equations must be numbered consecutively throughout the document. Set the equation number in parentheses aligned right on the equation line. Write simple equations as text. Use an equation editor for complicated equations.
Observe correct mathematical formatting (e.g., use BOLD CAPITAL letters for matrices)!
Use horizontal division line instead of the solidus (/), if use of the solidus would require extra parentheses.
If you have only square roots in the whole paper, you can use either the square root sign or a fractional exponent. If you have different roots (square, cubic etc.), use fractional exponents for all roots.
Write tables either using a table editor or as text using tabulator for separating columns. If you use a table editor, do not use carriage return within cells; Adobe Acrobat may not handle returns in table cells correctly! Number tables consecutively throughout the document. Leave two blank lines between the table and/or title and main text. Leave one blank line between the table and the title. Type the table title left-aligned (i.e. no indent or hanging). Place tables always at the top or bottom of a page, never within text. Table footnotes, if used, should be indicated by letters. Do not use vertical lines for separating columns. Use horizontal lines only above the table, between column headings and the table contents, and below the table.
The maximum size of a table is 130 × 205 mm. It is recommended that you use typographic and other techniques to fit a big table in the following order:
The following instructions apply to all images—line drawings, photographs, maps etc.
The maximum figure size is 130 × 205 mm; no exceptions for bigger figures within the main document. Generally, splitting combined figures over two pages is not allowed (e.g. plot A and plot B must always be on same page). Exceptionally big combined figures (more than six plots in the same figure or exceptionally large amount of data points in each plot) may be laid out in two facing pages (even page left, odd page right). Before doing this, think twice if you can logically divide the figure into two independent figures.
Number all figures consecutively throughout the document. Type the caption in Arial 9 pts font. Write the word “Figure” and the figure number in bold. Type the figure caption left-aligned (i.e. no indent or hanging). Separate the figure and/or figure caption from main text by two blank lines. Leave about one blank line between the figure and its caption. Write figure captions below the figure or, in case of narrow figures, to the right of the figure. If the figure takes the whole contents area of a page, write the caption on the facing page. In that case, write “(facing page)” in bold after figure number. Place figures always at the top or bottom of a page, never within the text.
In certain cases, images may be added as supplementary files. However, try to avoid supplementary images if possible. Always contact your institution’s technical advisor before using supplementary files!
If you need very high resolution photographs, e.g. microscopic images, they may be linked to the main document as supplementary files. In this case, a normal resolution (300 dpi) photograph is placed in the main document. The figure caption should include a link to the high-resolution photograph. Note that printing high-resolution photographs may be costly.
If you absolutely need an image that is bigger than 130 × 205 mm (e.g., a map appendix), it may be handled as a supplementary file in the web document but note that printing an extra-size appendix may be costly. If you need this option, a small version of your image must appear in the main document with a link in the figure caption to the full-scale document.
Dissertationes Forestales uses Editorial Manager (EM) for manuscript processing. The final dissertation manuscript must be submitted using the EM page of Dissertationes Forestales. You must register as an author to EM. The system will guide you through the submission process. You must submit the complete manuscript – except supplementary data – as a single PDF file.
You must accept the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence before submitting a manuscript.
If your dissertation document includes copyrighted photographs or maps, you must get permission from the copyright holder for reusing them under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence. As a part of the submission process, you will be requested to confirm that you have rights to all materials for publishing your dissertation under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence
During the manuscript submission, you must submit complete author information, including affiliation, address, phone number, and e-mail address, in the OJS page. ORCID id must be given if you have one. ORCID ids will be published in the author information.
An e-mail message acknowledging receipt will be sent to you after completing the submission process.